Music:  Winds Of Change by Mary Youngblood
Chinook Wind

A Yakima Legend
Once five brothers lived on Great River.  They were the Chinook brothers and they caused the warm wind to blow.

There were five other brothers who lived on Great River.  They lived at Walla-Walla, the meeting of the waters.  They caused the cold wind to blow.

Now the grandparents of all these brothers lived at Umatilla, the place of wind-drifted sands.

Walla-Walla brothers and Chinook brothers were always fighting.  They made the winds to sweep over the country, they blew down trees and raised
great clouds of dust, they froze the rivers and thawed them so as to make floods.  It was very hard for the people.

At last Walla-Walla brothers said to Chinook brothers:  "We will wrestle with you.  Whoever falls down shall have his head cut off.  Thus he shall be

So Coyote was made judge.  He was also to cut the heads off those who fell down.

Now Coyote secretly told the grandparents of Chinook brothers to throw oil on the ground.  Then their sons would not fall.  Coyote also secretly told
the grandparents of Walla-Walla brothers to throw ice on the ground.  Then their sons would not fall.

The oil and the ice made the ground very slippery.  But the Walla-Walla grandparents had thrown ice on the ground last.  So Chinook brothers fell
down.  First one fell and then another, until all fell down.  Then Coyote cut off their heads.

Now the oldest Chinook brother had a baby son.  The baby's mother taught him he must revenge his father and uncles.  So Young Chinook grew very
strong.  At last he felt himself very strong.  He could pull up large fir trees and throw them around like weeds.

Then Young Chinook went up Great River.  Wherever he went he pulled up large fir trees and threw them around like weeds.  In the valley of the
Yakima he turned aside and went to sleep by Setas, the creek.  The mark of his sleeping-place can still be seen on the mountain side.

The Young Chinook came back to the Great River and went to Umatilla, the place of wind-drifted sands.  Here he found his grandparents very cold
and hungry.  Walla-Walla brothers caused the northeast wind to blow all the time.  They also stole their fish, when they were returning to the shore.  
Always they stole the fish.

Young Chinook said:  "We will go fishing now."  So grandfather started out to fish.  Young Chinook lay down in the bottom of the boat.  When the
boat was full of fish, grandfather started back for the shore.

Then Walla-Walla brothers started out from the shore to rob grandfather.  But they could not catch the boat.  Every time Walla-Walla brothers came
near the boat, it would shoot ahead.  So grandfather reached the shore with his fish.

Then Young Chinook took his grandparents to the river and bathed them.  All the straw and grass and bark which he washed off became trout.  That
is how trout came to be in Great River.

Now Walla-Walla brothers knew that Young Chinook was alive.  They sent a messenger to him.  They said:  "We will wrestle with you.  Whoever falls
down shall have his head cut off.  Thus he shall be dead."

So Coyote was made judge.  He was also to cut off the heads of those who fell down.  Now Coyote secretly told the grandparents of Walla-Walla
brothers to throw ice on the ground.  Coyote also secretly told the grandparents of Young Chinook to throw oil on the ground.  But he told them to
throw oil last.

So Young Chinook wrestled with Walla-Walla brothers, one after another.  So the Walla-Walla brothers fell to the ground.  First one fell and then
another, until four had fallen.  Then Coyote cut off their heads.  The fifth one yielded without wrestling.  So Coyote let him live.  But Coyote said:  "You
must blow only lightly.  You must never freeze people again."

To Young Chinook, Coyote said:  "You shall blow hardest only at night.  You shall blow first on the mountain ridges to warn the people."

Thus now winter is only a little cold.
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Coyote and  Crow

A Yakima Legend
Coyote traveled through the country, fighting monsters and making the world ready for the new people, the Indians who were to follow.  He crossed
the Cascade Mountains and came into the Puget Sound country.  He was hungry, very hungry.

He saw Crow sitting on the peak of a high cliff, with a ball of deer fat in his mouth.  Coyote looked at Crow with this fat and thought how good it
would taste.  Becoming hungrier and hungrier, he wondered how he could get the fat for himself.  He thought hard.  Then he laughed.

"I know what to do.  I know how I can get the fat from Crow."

Then Coyote came close to the base of the cliff and called, "Oh, Chief!  I hear that you can make a good noise, a pleasing noise with your voice.  You are
a big chief, I know.  You are a wise chief, I have heard.  Let me hear your voice, Chief.  I want to hear you, Chief Crow."

Crow was pleased to be called chief.  So he answered, "Caw!"

"Oh, Chief Crow," called Coyote, "that wasn't much.  You can sing better than that.  Sing a good song for me, Chief.  I want to hear you sing loud."

Crow was pleased again.  So he opened his mouth wide and called from the cliff in a loud voice, "C-a -a -w!"

Of course the ball of deer fat fell down from Crow's open mouth.

Coyote grabbed it quickly.  Then he laughed.

"You are not a wise chief," said Coyote. "You are not a chief at all.  I called you 'Chief' just to fool you.  I wanted your deer fat.  I am hungry.  Now you
can go hungry because of your foolishness."
Creation of the Yakima World

A Yakima Legend
In the beginning of the world, all was water.  Whee-me-me-ow-ah, the Great Chief Above, lived up in the sky all alone.  When he decided to make the
world, he went down to the shallow places in the water and began to throw up great handfuls of mud that became land.

He piled some of the mud so high that it froze hard and made the mountains.  When the rain came, it turned into ice and snow on top of the high
mountains.  Some of the mud was hardened into rocks.  Since that time the rocks have not changed - they have only become harder.

The Great Chief Above made trees grow on the earth, and also roots and berries.  He made man out of a ball of mud and told him to take fish from the
waters, and deer and other game from the forests.

When the man became lonely, the Great Chief Above made a woman to be his companion and taught her how to dress skins, how to find bark and
roots, and how to make baskets out of them.  He taught her which berries to gather for food and how to pick them and dry them.  He showed her how
to cook the salmon and the game that the man brought.

Once when the woman was asleep, she had a dream, and in it she wondered what more she could do to please the man.  She prayed to the Great Chief
Above for help.  He answered her prayer by blowing his breath on her and giving her something which she could not see or hear, smell or touch.

This invisible something was preserved in a basket.  Through it, the first woman taught her daughters and granddaughters the designs and skills
which had been taught her.

But in spite of all the things the Great Chief Above did for them, the new people quarreled.  They bickered so much that Mother Earth was angry, and
in her anger she shook the mountains so hard that those hanging over the narrow part of Big River fell down.

The rocks, falling into the water, dammed the stream and also made rapids and waterfalls.  Many people and animals were killed and buried under
the rocks and mountains.

Someday the Great Chief Above will overturn those mountains and rocks.  Then the spirits that once lived in the bones buried there will go back into

At present those spirits live in the tops of the mountains, watching their children on the earth and waiting for the great change which is to come.  The
voices of these spirits can be heard in the mountains at all times.  Mourners who wail for their dead hear spirit voices reply, and thus they know that
their lost ones are always near.

We did not know all this by ourselves; we were told it by our fathers and grandfathers, who learned it from their fathers and grandfathers.  No one
knows when the Great Chief Above will overturn the mountains.

But we do know this:  the spirits will return only to the remains of people who in life kept the beliefs of their grandfathers.  Only their bones will be
preserved under the mountains.
Legend of the Lost Salmon

A Yakima Legend
This story is about when the people ignored the directions of the Creator about caring for the salmon, the salmon disappeared.  All of their attempts to
bring the salmon back failed until Snake used his powers to revive the salmon.  The people were not fooled by Coyote's pretentious effort to revive the

The Creator taught the people how to care for this food which was created especially for them.  He said, "Do not neglect this food.  Be careful that you
do not break the rules in taking care of this salmon.  Do not take more than you need."  He told them if they observed these rules, the salmon would
multiply several times over as long as they lived.

At first the people diligently obeyed the rules, and they lived happily without problems.  All along the river there were different bands of people living in
their  fishing villages, busy catching and drying their supply of salmon.

But one day something strange happened.  The people became careless and they neglected to follow the instructions made by the Creator.  They
became greedy.  They did not take of the salmon.  They let them go to waste when they caught more than they needed for their families.  They would
not listen to the advice from those who were trying to follow the rules.  Suddenly the salmon disappeared.

When the salmon were no longer coming up the stream for the people to catch everybody frantically searched the rivers, but all in vain.  There was not
one salmon left to be found.  Soon they became hungry, their little children were crying and the old people were forced to beg for food.

One day, while they were searching the river, they found a dead salmon lying on the bank of the river.  They stared down at it in disbelief when they
realized what had happened.  They began to cry out in shame and lament their mistakes, "If we are given one more chance, we will do better.  If only
we could awaken this salmon, the other salmon might come up the stream."

The people called a council and they talked about how they could give life back to the salmon.  In legendary times those with supernatural powers
could revive a lifeless creature by stepping over it five times.  The people tried to use their own spiritual powers to revive the salmon.  One by one they
each stepped over the salmon five times, but to no avail.

There was a recluse named Old Man Rattlesnake.  He never went anywhere always staying off by himself.  He was very ancient and all the people
called him "Grandfather".  Somebody said, "Let's ask Grandfather to help us!  He is a powerful man.  Let him revive the salmon!"  A messenger was
sent.  "Oh, Grandfather, would you come and help us revive the salmon?  Everybody has failed."  Old Man Rattlesnake listened and said, "What makes
you think I am capable of reviving this lone salmon after everybody else has failed?  I am an old man, how do you expect an old man like me to
possess powers to do the impossible!"  the messenger was sad.  "You are our last hope.  Please help us Grandfather."  Finally Old Man Rattlesnake
agreed, "I will do my best."  He was so old it was very painful for him to move fast.  He moved ever so slowly and it seemed like such a long way for
one so old.

While Grandfather was on his way, Coyote tried desperately, using all his wily skills to convince the people he possessed supernatural powers.  He
was thinking to himself, "If I revive this salmon, I will be a very famous person."  He stepped over it four times, and just as he was stepping over the
fifth time, he pushed the salmon with the tip of his toe to make it appear as though it moved.  He announced loudly, "Oh, look, my people, I made the
salmon come to life.  Did you see it move?"  But the people were wise to the ways of Coyote and they paid him no attention.

Finally, Old Man Rattlesnake arrived.  Painfully he crawled over the salmon four times.  The fifth time something magical happened!  Grandfather
disappeared into the salmon and the salmon woke up and came back to life and the salmon came back to the rivers.  The people learned their lesson
well and took care to protect their salmon from then on.

Today when you catch a salmon, and you are preparing it for eating or preserving, if you break the spine you will find a white membrane inside.  That
is Ols Man Rattlesnake who gave life back to the salmon.

We did not know all this by ourselves; we were told it by our fathers and grandfathers, who learned it from their fathers and grandfathers.  No one
knows when the Great Chief Above will overturn the mountains.

But we do know this:  the spirits will return only to the remains of people who in life kept the beliefs of their grandfathers.  Only their bones will be
preserved under the mountains.
Tsi - Laan (Deep Water)

A Yakima Legend
Once there was more than enough game, plants, and fish of every kind for the people to eat.  But they took their wealth for granted and were rude to
Spilyay (coyote) when he offered them more food.  Consequently they lost almost everything they had.  This is the story I will tell you...

There was a time that coyote was going around telling the animal world that there was going to be a change.  He told them, "We are going to be
reduced in power.  There are others coming who are going to be rulers over all of us, and over all this country."  coyote was talking about the new
people, the people with two legs -people we now call Native Americans.

So he began to prepare.  One day, coyote came up the Columbia River to the Chelan River.  He looked it over and felt there was something he should do
here.  He asked his "power" what he should do (the power or counselors were his five sisters which he carried around inside of him).  The sisters told
him that there were no fish in the Chelan River that he should fix it so the fish could swim up the river.  At that time the Chelan River was too swift and
the salmon could not go up the river.

Coyote decided to build steps with rocks for the salmon to swim up the river.  He widened a narrow gorge for them to swim through.  He made a deep
pool under the falls so the salmon could rest up before they swam up the river.

And that is not all the coyote did!  When he came up to Mud Flats, he found that the river was too shallow, so he built a high rocky cliff and a rapids and
made another little pool for the fish to rest.  Coyote was very busy.  He traveled to many places, fixing streams and rivers so that the salmon could
come and spawn.  He did this for the new people.

But one day while coyote was working on a place called Dry Lake, he left his canoe on the shore.  He had seen a pretty girl living with the new people.  
He told the people, "I want the most beautiful princess you have in your village and I'll fix up a lot of places where you can catch many fish.  I'll even
make places where you can dry your own fish."  But the people told him, "We don't need your fish.  We will not give you our prettiest girl.  We have
enough game here to live on.  We have mountain goats, mountain lion, game birds, quail, grouse and turtle doves and we have bear and deer.  We
don't need your fish."

Coyote (who was known for having a very bad temper, as well as being a trickster), grew angry.  He had worked very hard to make places for the
salmon to live so that the new people would have fresh fish to eat.  So he started back and began destroying everything that he had created.  He
destroyed all of the fishing sites, drove all the fish from the spawning grounds, and he made the water holes dry up.  He left his canoe in the Chelan
River, but so that no one would get any use out of it, he turned it into stone (there is a cliff there now).  He took back everything that was worthwhile.

Now most of the lakes have only small fish.  Coyote said, "They can have a few minnows, but there will never be any more big fish."  This is why many
places in North Central Washington are withour Salmon.  The only way to get fish in many lakes is by planting them there.
Yakima Legends