Music:  Carrying Magic Bundles by The Native American Flute Ensemble
The Corn Spirit

A Tuscarora Legend
Long ago, they say, there was a village of people whose cornfields were blessed with good harvests, year after year.  They had so much corn each
year that they began to take it for granted.  They stopped weeding the fields and the children trampled the cornstalks as they played.

When harvest time came, the people picked, but they did not do it well.

Much of the corn was left unpicked and only the birds ate it.  The people wasted more than they ate.  They threw ears of corn to their dogs.  As they
had always done, they dried some of the corn to eat in the winter and use for seed corn the next spring.  They placed this corn in storage baskets to
bury for the winter, but they did everything carelessly.  The corn baskets were not well made.  The storage holes were not dug deeply or covered well.

"There is much game in the forest," the people said.  "We can always hunt to survive, even if the stored corn spoils."

So the people went on without showing any respect for the corn that gave them life.  They even forgot to say thanks to the Creator for their good

Only one man remembered to show respect.  His name was Dayohagwenda.  Dayohagwenda cared for his fields and weeded them.  He harvested his
corn carefully and gave thanks for his good harvest.  He stored his corn with great care.  He was sad about the way the others acted.

That autumn, after the harvest moon, the people went hunting.  But the hunters had bad luck.  Animals were hard to find.  It seemed that the deer and
moose and even the rabbits had all disappeared from the forest.

The people tied to fish, but the streams and lakes were empty.

Finally, the people dug up their stored corn.  But the poorly made baskets had fallen apart.  Much of the corn had been eaten by mice.  The rest had
rotted away.

"What shall we do?" the people said.  "We will starve."

Meanwhile, Dayohagwenda was walking in the forest.  He was thinking about the way his people no longer showed respect for the corn or gave

As he walked, he found an old trail.  It led to a clearing in the forest.  In that clearing was a lodge made of elm bark and built on top of a mound of
earth.  Weeds grew all around the lodge.  In front of the lodge, an old man dressed in torn clothing sat weeping.

"Grandfather," Dayohagwenda said, "why are you weeping?"

"I am weeping because your people have forgotten me."

"Why are your clothes torn?"

"They are torn because your people threw me to their dogs."

"Why are you so dirty?"

"I am dirty because your people let their children trample me."

"Why are there weeds around your lodge?"

"Your people no longer take care of me.  Now I must go away and I can never return again to help them."

Now Dayohagwenda knew who the old man was.  He was Corn Spirit.

"Grandfather," Dayohagwenda said, "do not leave us.  I still respect you.  I will go back and remind my people how to treat you."

The old man stopped weeping.  "Grandson," he said, "I will stay with you.  If your people show me respect, I will not leave them."

Dayohagwenda went back to the village.  "We are going to starve," the people said.  "Our corn is gone and we have no other food."

"Listen," said Dayohagwenda, "I have been in the forest.  There I found a lodge surrounded by weeds and an old man wearing torn clothing the color
of corn husks.  He said his people deserted him and he was going to leave forever."

The people understood.  "It is Corn Spirit," they said.  "He has left us and now we will surely die."

"No," said Dayohagwenda, "I spoke with Corn Spirit.  I told him we would treat him with respect.  He said that if we respect him, he will help us
through the winter."

Then Dayohagwenda dug up his own stored corn.  His baskets had been well made.  He had dug his granary deep and covered it properly.  All of his
harvest was there.

There was more than he remembered storing, much more.  There was enough to feed the whole village through the winter.  There was even enough
left to use as seed corn for planting in the spring when the leaves of the maple tree were the size of a squirrel's ear.

From then on, Dayohagwenda's people always showed respect for the corn.  They planted with care and hoed and weeded.  They sang songs of
thanksgiving as they harvested.  They made strong baskets and deep storage pits for their granaries.

Most of all, they remembered to give thanks for the blessing of corn and all of the other good things they had been given.  They taught their children
and their children's children to do the same.

So it is to this day.
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The Great Father Mosquito

A Tuscarora Legend
One time there lived a giant Mosquito.  He was bigger than a bear and more terrifying.  When he flew through the air, the Sun couldn't be seen and it
became dark as night.  The zooming of his wings was wilder than a storm.  And when he was hungry, he would fly into a camp and carry off a
person or two and pick their bones clean.

Again and again the warriors tried to destroy the wild beast but their arrows fell off him like dew drops off a leaf.  They did not know what to do.

So the chief and the medicine men in the tribe ordered a big meeting to pray to the creator to help them destroy the monster Mosquito.  They burned
great fires and they sang, and they danced and they prayed.

Bat and spider heard their loud cry for help and decided to see what they could do.  Bat came down from the sky, looking for the monster to do battle
with him and destroy him.  And spider spun a huge web to try and catch him.

The great Mosquito heard this and he knew he could not beat bat, so he decided to run away.  He flew and he flew and he flew so fast no one could see
him.  He was faster than lightning.  The only sound was the wild zooming of his wings through the air.  But bat was after him just as fast.

The giant monster flew around lakes, over rivers and over mountains toward the East.  Bat kept after him, never tiring.

Swiftly and wildly, at the speeds of eagles, the monster flew towards the ocean and there bat reached him.

When Sun was going down in a red mist at the end of the sky, the great monster came to the large lakes of the East.  He turned to look and saw the
bat was coming nearer and as he did this he flew right into spider's huge web.

The battle was short and the monster Mosquito was destroyed.  His blood splattered and flew in all directions.  And...a strange thing happened.  
From the blood were born small mosquitoes with sharp stingers.

No sooner were they born than they flew in all directions and they attacked all animals without prejudice.  These small mosquitoes with the sharp
stingers multiplied a thousand fold.

It happened long ago, but to this day we have thousands of mosquitoes with sharp stingers.  Bat still hunts them every night, and spider still spins a
web to catch them.
Tuscarora Legends