Music:  Standing by the Water by Red Tail Chasing Hawks
The Earth was once a human being:  Old One made her out of a woman.  "You will be the mother of all people," he said.

Earth is alive yet, but she has changed.  The soil is her flesh, the rocks are her bones, the wind is her breath, trees and grasses are her hair.  She lives
spread out, and we live on her.  When she moves, we have an Earthquake.

After taking the woman and changing her to Earth, Old One gathered some of her flesh and rolled it into balls, as people do with mud or clay.  He
made the first group of these balls into the ancients, the beings of the early world.  The ancients were people, yet also animals.  In form some looked
human while some walked on all fours like animals.  Some could fly like birds; others could swim like fishes.  All had the gift of speech, as well as
greater powers and cunning than either animals or people.  But deer were never among the ancients; they were always animals, even as they are

Besides the ancients, real people and real animals lived on Earth at that time.  Old One made the people out of the last balls of mud he took from the
Earth.  He rolled them over and over, shaped them like Indians, and blew on them to bring them alive.  They were so ignorant that they were the most
helpless of all the creatures Old One had made.  Old One made people and animals into males and females so that they might breed and multiply.  Thus
all living things came from the Earth.  When we look around, we see part of our mother everywhere.

The difficulty with the early world was that most of the ancients were selfish and some were monsters, and there was much trouble among them.  
They were also very stupid in some ways.  Though they knew they had to hunt in order to live, they did not know which creatures were deer and which
were people, and sometimes they ate people by mistake.

At last Old One said, "There will soon be no people if I let things go on like this."  So he sent Coyote to kill all the monsters and other evil beings among
the ancients and teach the Indians how to do things.

And Coyote began to travel on the Earth, teaching the Indians, making life easier and better for them, and performing many wonderful deeds.
Creation of the Animal People

An Okanagon Legend
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Dirty Boy

An Okanagon Legend
The people of a certain region were living together in a very large camp.  Their chief had two beautiful daughters of marriageable age.  Many young
men had proposed to them, but all had been refused.

The chief said, "Whom do my daughters wish to marry?  They have refused all men."  Sun and Star, who were brother and sister, lived in the sky, and
had seen all that had happened.  Sun said to his sister, "The chief's daughters have rejected the suits of all our friends.  Let us go down and arrange this
matter!  Let us try these girls!"  They made clothes, and at night they descended to Earth.

During the darkness they erected a lodge on the outskirts of the camp.  It had the appearance of being very old, and of belonging to poor people.  The
poles were old and badly selected.  The covering was tattered and patched, and made of tule mats.  The floor was strewn with old dried brush and
grass, and the beds were of the same material.  Their blankets consisted of old mats and pieces of old robes; and their kettles and cups were of bark,
poorly made.  Star had assumed the form of a decrepit old woman dressed in rags; and Sun, that of a dirty boy with sore eyes.

On the following morning the women of the camp saw the lodge, and peered in.  When they returned, they reported, "Some very poop people arrived
during the night, and are camped in an old mat lodge.  We saw two persons inside, --a dirty, sore-eyed boy; and his grandmother, a very old woman
in ragged clothes."

Now the chief resolved to find husbands for his daughters.  He sent out his speaker to announce that in four days there would be a shooting-contest
open to all the men, and the best marksman would get his daughters for wives.  They young men could not sleep for eagerness.  On the third day the
chief's speaker announced, "Tomorrow morning every one shall shoot."

"Each one will have two shoots.  An eagle will perch on the tall tree yonder, and whoever kills it shall have the chief's daughters."  Coyote was there
and felt happy.  He thought he would win the prize.  On the following morning an eagle was seen soaring in the air, and there was much excitement as
it began to descend.  It alighted on a tree which grew near one end of the camp.

Then the young men tried to shoot it.  Each man had two arrows.  The previous evening Sun had said to Star, "Grandmother, make a bow and arrows
for me."  She said, "What is the use?  You cannot shoot.  You never used bow and arrows."  He replied, "I am going to try.  I shall take part in the
contest tomorrow.  I heard what the chief said."  she took pity on him, and went to a red willow-bush, cut a branch for a bow, and some twigs for
arrows.  She strung the bow with a poor string, and did not feather the arrows.

Coyote, who was afraid some one else might hit the bird, shouted, "I will shoot first.  Watch me hit the eagle."  His arrow struck the lowest branch of
the tree and fell down, and the people laughed.  He said, "I made a mistake.  That was a bad arrow.  This one will kill the eagle."  He shot, and the
arrow fell short of the first one.  He became angry, and pulled other arrows from his quiver.  He wanted to shoot them all.  The people seized him, and
took away all his arrows saying, "You are allowed to shoot twice only."  All the people shot and missed.  When the last one had shot, Sun said,
"Grandmother, lift the door of the lodge a little, so that I can shoot."

She said, "First get out of bed."  She pulled the lodge mat aside a little, and he shot.  The arrow hit the tail of the eagle.  The people saw and heard the
arrow coming from Dirty-Boy's lodge, but saw no one shooting it.  They wondered.  He shot the second arrow, which pierced the eagle's heart.

Now, Wolf and others were standing near Dirty-Boy's lodge, and Wolf desired much to claim the prize.  He shouted, "I shot the bird from the
lodge-door!" and ran to pick it up; but the old woman Star ran faster than he, picked up the bird, and carried it to the chief.

She claimed his daughters for her grandson.  All the people gathered around, and made fun of Dirty-Boy.  They said, "He is bedridden.  He is lousy,
sore-eyed, and scabby-faced."  The chief was loath to give his daughters to such a person.  He knew that Dirty-Boy could not walk.  Therefore he said,
"Tomorrow there shall be another contest.  This will be the last one, I cannot break my word.  Whoever wins this time shall have my daughters."

He announced that tomorrow each man should set two traps for fishers an animal very scarce at the place where the camp was located.  If any one
should catch a fisher one night, then he was to stay in the mountains another day to catch a second one.  After that he had to come back.  Those who
caught nothing the first night had to come home at once.

Only two traps were allowed to each man; and two fishers had to be caught, --one a light one, and one a dark one, --and both prime skins.  When all
the men had gone to the mountains, Sun said to his sister, "Grandmother, make two traps for me."  She answered, "First get out of bed!"  However,
she had pity on him, and made two deadfall's of willow sticks.  She asked him where she should set them; and he said, "One on each side of the

On the following morning all the men returned by noon; not one of them had caught a fisher.  When Star went out, she found two fine fishers in the
traps.  Now the chief had assembled the men to see if any one had caught fishers.  He was glad, because he knew that dirty-Boy could not walk; and
unless he went to the mountains, he had no chance to kill fishers.  Just then the old grandmother appeared dragging the fishers.  She said, "I hear you
asked for two fishers; here are two that my grandson caught."  She handed them over to him, and then left.

Coyote had boasted that he would certainly catch the fishers.  When he went up the mountain, he carried ten traps instead of two.  He said, "Whoever
heard of setting only two traps?  I shall set ten."  He set them all, remained out for two nights, but got nothing.

The chief said to his daughters, "You must become the wives of Dirty-Boy.  I tried to save you by having two contests; but since I am a great chief, I
cannot break my word.  Go now, and take up your abode with your husband."  They put on their best clothes and went.  On the way they had to pass
Raven's house, and heard the Ravens laughing inside, because the girls had to marry Dirty-Boy.  The elder sister said, "Let us go in and see what they
are laughing about!"  The younger one said, "No, our father told us to go straight to our husband."

The younger one went on, entered Dirty-Boy's lodge, and sat down by his side.  The old woman asked her who she was, and why she had come.  
When the old woman had been told, she said, "Your husband is sick and soon he will die.  He stinks too much.  You must not sleep with him.  Go back
to your father's lodge every evening; but come here in the daytime, and watch him and attend him."

Now, the Raven family that lived close by laughed much at the younger daughter of the chief.  They were angry because she had not entered their
house and married there, as her elder sister had done.  To hurt her feelings, they dressed their new daughter-in-law in the finest clothes they had.  Her
dress was covered with beads, shells, elk's teeth, and quill work.

They gave her necklaces, and her mother-in-law gave her a finely polished celt of green stone (jade) to hang at her belt.  The younger sister paid no
attention to this, but returned every morning to help her grandmother-in-law to gather fire-wood, and to attend to her sick husband.

For three days matters remained this way.  In the evening of the third day Sun said to his sister, "We will resume our true forms tonight, so that people
may see us tomorrow."  That night they transformed themselves.  The old mat lodge became a fine new skin lodge, surpassing those of the Blackfeet
and other tribes, richly decorated with ornaments, and with streamers tied to the top and painted.  The old bark kettle became a bright copper kettle;
and new pretty woven baskets, and embroidered and painted bags, were in the house.

The old became a fine-looking person of tall figure, with clothes covered with shining stars.  Dirty-Boy became a young, handsome man of light
complexion.  His clothes were covered with shining copper.  His hair reached to the ground and shone like the rays of the sun.  In the morning the
people saw the new lodge, and said, "Some rich chief has arrived, and has camped where the poor people were.  He has thrown them out."

When the girl arrived, she was much surprised to see the transformation.  She saw a woman in the door, wearing a long skin dress covered with star
pendants, with bright stars in her hair.  She addressed her in a familiar voice, saying, "Come in and sit with your husband!"  The girl then knew who
she was.  When she entered, she saw a handsome man reclining with his head on a beautiful parfleche.  His garments and hair were decorated with
bright suns.  The girl did not recognize him, and looked around.  The woman said, "That is your husband; go and sit beside him."  Then she was glad.

Sun took his wife to the copper kettle which stood at the door.  It contained a shining liquid.  He pushed her head into it, and when the liquid ran down
over her hair and body, lines of sparkling small stars formed on her.  He told her to empty the kettle.  When she did so, the liquid ran to the chief's
lodge, forming a path, as of gold-dust.  He said, "This will be your trail when you go to see your father."    
Okanagon Legends